With Bali’s population continuing to increase, the demand for jobs has started to increase leading to higher unemployment and greater poverty rates in rural parts.
To address this need the government of Bali need to action a strategic and comprehensive policy according to Prof. Dr. I Ketut Sudibia and Dr. I Gusti Wayan Yasa Murjana as part of a seminar in cooperation with Udayana University themed “Critical Analysis Bali Development to Achieve Public Welfare”.
As explained by Prof. Sudibia, population census data has shown that the number of people in Bali in the past 50 years has doubled. In 1961 the population of Bali was 1,782,529 people. In 1971 this rose to 2,120,091 people, and in 1980 it was up to 2,469,724 people. In 1990 the figure was 2,777,356 people, in 2000 it was 3,146,999, and finally 3,890,757 people in 2010.
Prof. Sudibia went on to explain how the increasing number of people brings up a whole list of related issues such as increased demand for food, clothing, housing, health, education, employment, transportation services, clean water, green open space, environmental sustainability, and so on. The explosion in population cannot be solved by development-oriented economic growth, because this can lead to various gaps such as income inequality. ”The development strategies should be implemented for sound development of the population in order to guarantee the sustainability of the development process,” he said.
Dr. I Gusti Wayan Yasa Murjana said the increased population growth impacted on the improvement of conditions for the labor force and job seekers. This must be balanced by an increase in job creation. “Poverty is happening much related to the lack of employment opportunities for residents earning potential that can adequately sustain their lives,” he said.
Overall the percentage of people below the poverty line has decreased in Bali, and the unemployment rate fell from 3.57 percent in 2010 to 2.11 percent in 2012. However, the proportion of poor people in rural areas has increased from 4.65 percent in 2011 to 4.79 percent in 2012.